Environmental controls

Keep your birds comfortable

Birds need to be raised in comfortable temperatures and clean air. Brooding requires a more specific environment until the birds' thermoregulatory system has developed.

For information on brooding click here.

From 5 weeks of age onward, the guidelines become more general.

Reference the table below for our key recommendations and click through our Environmental Controls library for information on how to maintain these levels.

Environment Measure
Carbon Dioxide < 2,500 ppm
Carbon Monoxide < 20 ppm
Ammonia < 25 ppm
Humidity < 60%


Minimum ventilation involves directing the exterior air into the barn, mixing and circulating this air through the barn. It is generally used in cold weather and in brooder houses. When set up properly, minimum ventilation will ensure good litter quality, comfortable birds, and efficient energy use.

Click here to learn how to set up and manage proper ventilation.

Tunnel ventilation is the most effective method of ventilation when barn temperatures reach high temperatures in the summer months.

Click here to learn how to set up and manage tunnel ventilation.

All turkey growers should measure and monitor gases, similar to how they monitor temperature. Keeping tabs on these elements will make a big difference in controlling air quality.

Click here to learn more

Download our Ventilation Resources


Turkeys, no matter their age, should be raised in comfortable temperatures. Recommendations in the first few weeks of brooding are very important to get poults off to a good start.

Click here to learn more

Extreme weather solutions

In cold weather, minimum ventilation is the most effective method of ventilating the barn. During the cold season, be sure to eliminate unwanted drafts, condition the incoming air, and control air quality.

Click here to learn more.

Cool cells and foggers in combination with air speed can provide relief for birds in extremely hot conditions. In warm weather be sure to monitor and control humidity levels.

Click here to learn more.

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